EDUCATOR'S GUIDE: REFRAMING AMERICA, Through the Eyes of Seven Immigrant Photographers


Most of these words have multiple uses and definitions. However, for the purposes of this curriculum resource they have been defined specifically to explain their use in relation to immigration and photography.

aesthetic: of or having to do with beauty or art.

angle: the direction from which the artist photographs the subject.

Bird’s-eye view: a view from above.

collage: an artistic composition made up of different, combined materials.

composition: the design of a given work.

content: the meaning communicated in a given work.

contrast: an obvious difference between two things (e.g. light and dark).

discrimination: an unfair difference in treatment.

framing: the photographer’s determination of what the edges of a photograph will be.

gelatin silver print: the technical term for most black-and-white photographs.

Great Depression: a time in the united States during the 1930s when the economy was so poor that many people were unemployed.

intolerance: an attitude of not accepting or respecting different opinions, practices, or people.

Ku Klux Klan: a secret organization that began in Georgia in 1915 and is known for terrorizing immigrants, Jews, and especially blacks.

light: a critical element of any photograph; photographers can use either natural light (e.g., sunlight) or artificial light (e.g., light bulbs).

photographic essay: a story illustrated through photographs, which may or may not be accompanied by text.

photography: a term which comes from the Greek words photos (light) and graphos (drawing). A photograph is made with a camera by exposing film to light in order to create a negative. The negative is then used in the darkroom to print a photograph (positive) onto light-sensitive paper.

self-portrait: a work of art showing the person who made it.

viewfinder: the small, usually rectangular, opening in a camera through which one looks in order to see what will be included in the picture frame.

worm’s-eye view: a view from ground level; seen from below.    This page last updated August 18, 1999.

| Contents | Angle, Framing, and Light  | Learning to Look | Alexander Alland | Robert Frank | John Gutmann | Otto Hagel and Hansel Mieth | Lisette Model | Marion Palfi | Glossary | Acknowledgements | CCP Home |
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